Oversteering

Oversteering occurs when a vehicle’s weight is no longer evenly distributed on all four of its tires. Should you oversteer while driving a front-wheel drive car or truck, the risk of experiencing a roll over increases. Some vehicles are more prone to oversteering than others. Trucks with a high center of gravity, for example, have rear ends that tend to slide out during turns taken at the wrong speed. Even if your vehicle has a low center of gravity, an oversteering induced roll over it is still possible. So every driver benefits from knowing the signs of oversteering, its causes and remedies.

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Signs
You’re oversteering when the car feels unstable. This instability sensation is the result of the vehicle approaching its tire’s threshold to grip the road. As the vehicle’s tires begin to lose their grip, the vehicle will begin to rotate, and this rotation coincides with the direction you’re steering in. The front of the vehicle begins to move towards the corner or curve you are taking, as the entire backend of your car follows.

Causes
An oversteer can occur when you’re entering a corner too fast. Oversteering also happens when you accelerate too soon as you turn a corner. Braking while turning can cause vehicle instability, too. Reducing throttle speed is another action that induces oversteering: such reductions in speed cause a weight transfer that increases the grip of your front tires but not your back tires.

Prevention

Heed warnings of upcoming turns because they are there to prevent you from having to oversteer. Clear a turn before accelerating. Don’t depend on reducing throttle speed to prevent oversteering. Know that you cannot count on your car’s braking ability to save you from oversteering either. Enter turns at a resonable speed and abide by posted speeds as you drive around a curve in the road.

Correction
If you find you’re oversteering, counter-steer, but do so with mindful caution. Your goal is to keep the front wheels of your vehicle pointing towards a safe direction even though the vehicle’s backend is beginning to spin forward. An over-correction with a counter-steer can also cause a car to spin, but in the opposite direction of the original turn. It is therefore critical to correct your tires’ direction without over-correcting. Counter-steering just enough, before the vehicle’s rear spins too far forward, prevents a roll over as you regain control over a front-wheel drive vehicle.